The market is full of different types of sprayers, and they all come with varying specifications. Whether you are buying one for pest or weed control or with the aim of spraying foliar feed to boost production, the right sprayer is essential in achieving your goal. While the end result has a lot to do with following the sprayer manufacturers’ instructions, proper mixing of the involved material and experience in handling the equipment, you can make the process much easier and efficient by considering the following factors.
Area of Operation
Manufacturers state the amount of pesticide to use with a specific amount of water as well as what amount of the concentrate to be used in a given area. Sprayer manufacturers, on the other hand, normally give charts to help determine the spray material desired per area. Reconciling these two based on your area of operation will enhance. You are also able to adjust accordingly so you don’t end up wasting any material. It will also help you get an appropriate sprayer depending on the size of your farming area or greenhouse. Hydraulic sprayers are suitable for larger areas as they are faster while low-volume sprayers are appropriate for small areas.
Calibration is important as it ensures that you do not get excess or less material to your plants. It ensures that you get the measurements right as recommended by the manufacturer. The quantities you use are mainly dependent on the type of crop, its maturity, and level of infestation. Mixing the right dosage with the right amount of water allows for the right coverage which boosts the spray’s efficiency.
Your choice of spraying technique will determine the coverage. Sprayers that have a hand-held gun allow for a sweeping motion over foliage. This not only sprays the top side but also allows the spray to penetrate the underside too. For fog application, those with fixed fan units require an air circulation system that will establish an airflow pattern so that all plant canopy receives the spray. Where the unit is located determines efficiency as it has an effect on the distribution of the resulting fog and mist particles. Other than this, the units should run for up to an hour once the operation is complete.
With all techniques, the sprayer should be sufficient enough to enhance proper coverage. You can monitor the extent of coverage using water sensitive paper strips. Attach them to a few leaves so you get to know how much the leaves are receiving and where the reach is not efficient enough. This way you can make necessary adjustments for better results.
Even with the right equipment, it is always essential to consider the safety of the operators. Where necessary, always teach them how to handle both the equipment and the involved chemicals. Sprayers that use high-pressure pumps should be operated with caution. Keep your arms and hands away from nozzles as the spray particles are dispersed at a force high enough to penetrate the skin. Also, let them know of the required maintenance procedures such as cleaning up the tanks after use. This will prevent chemical reactions, especially when using different materials when spraying the next time.